Honour roll location: Pillar 5C
Feature story location: Pillar 5A
Effie Garden was a capable nurse who was entrusted with jobs that women often were not permitted to undertake. She was from Serpentine. At age 25 she enlisted in June 1915 after having passed her nursing examinations in May 1914. She nursed in Bendigo until she was sent overseas.
Effie said she enlisted because,
“I just felt it was my duty to go”
(The Age, 21st of April 1984, p. 20).
Removing shrapnel by herself
Stationed in Egypt first, Effie was impressed by the way all the nurses got on so well. They were moved around often and could be sent anywhere at any time, taking care of both themselves and wounded troops. Never concerned for her own safety, Effie worked at the British No. 12 Casualty Clearing Station in Proven, France as part of a surgical team. She was often required to use a scalpel to take out pieces of shell. This was unusual for the time; nurses were not normally taught how to do these procedures.
Effie also helped to open a new hospital for infectious diseases. There the nurses had to scrub their instruments and boil them to stop the spread of infection.
Royal Red Cross Medal
Effie received the Royal Red Cross medal (2nd class) in September 1919. It was awarded for her ‘valuable service with the Armies in France and Flanders’.
Upon her return home in 1919, Effie witnessed first-hand the dramatic effects the war had on nurses, with some unable to ‘return to nursing’.
Effie later married John Garfield Fussell in 1920.
- ‘Bendigo Nurses‘, Bendigo Advertiser, 1st of June 1916, p. 5
- Beryl Trigellis-Smith, ‘Brief histories of the Australian Army Nursing Service in World War One’, IWM, Misc 47, Item 790, p. 5
- Effie Mary Garden, AIF Project
- Enlistment records- Effie Mary Garden, Discovering Anzacs
- Honours and Awards- E M Garden, Australian War Memorial
- Sister Effie Mary Garden, Australian War Memorial
- The Age, 21st of April 1984, p. 20
- ‘Trained Nurses: Result of May Examinations‘, The Ballarat Star, 19th of June 1914, p. 6